褐藻胶裂解酶基因的克隆表达与酶学性质
Cloning and expression of alginate lyase genes from Vibrio alginolyticus and characterization of the alginate lyase
投稿时间:2018-01-16  
DOI:  10.13345/j.cjb.180027
中文关键词:褐藻胶裂解酶,解藻酸弧菌,克隆表达,酶性质,燃料乙醇
英文关键词:alginate lyase, Vibrio alginolyticus, clone and expression, enzymatic properties, fuel ethanol
基金项目:国家自然科学基金 (No. 51561145014 ) 资助。
作者单位E-mail
高洁 大连理工大学 生命科学与技术学院辽宁 大连 116024  
李益民 大连理工大学 生命科学与技术学院辽宁 大连 116024  
杜聪 大连理工大学 生命科学与技术学院辽宁 大连 116024  
裴绪泽 大连理工大学 生命科学与技术学院辽宁 大连 116024  
卢慧敏 大连理工大学 生命科学与技术学院辽宁 大连 116024  
赵孝阳 大连理工大学 生命科学与技术学院辽宁 大连 116024  
袁文杰 大连理工大学 生命科学与技术学院辽宁 大连 116024 ywj@dlut.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      随着大型褐藻生产燃料乙醇以及褐藻寡糖重大药用价值的发现,褐藻胶裂解酶成为国内外多个领域的研究重点。文中对解藻酸弧菌上与褐藻胶降解相关的5个基因分别进行克隆表达,通过SDS-PAGE和酶活性定量测定,发现该基因簇中的4个基因有降解褐藻胶活性。对酶活最高的rAlgV3进行了诱导条件的优化、酶蛋白纯化及酶性质研究,发现优化诱导条件后重组酶rAlgV3的酶活由2.34×104 U/L上升为1.68×105 U/L,比优化前提高了7.3倍;对酶性质进行表征发现该酶在4–70 ℃均有活性,最适反应温度为40 ℃,在4–20 ℃酶相对稳定;该酶在pH 6.5?9.0环境下均有较高的酶活,最适pH为8.0;pH稳定性好,在pH 4.5–9.5环境下可以稳定存在;适量的NaCl浓度和Fe2+、Fe3+等离子具有促进酶活的作用,SDS和Cu2+离子可明显抑制酶活力。对该酶的底物特性的研究发现,该酶不仅可以降解褐藻胶中的Poly-M片段,也能降解Poly-G片段,具有广泛底物特性;其降解海藻酸钠主要释放二糖和三糖,是一种内切酶。该酶对于第三代燃料乙醇的发展及褐藻寡糖的生产具有重要作用。
英文摘要:
      With the discovery of the significant medicinal value of alginate oligosaccharides and bioethanol produced by microalgae, alginate lyase has been the focus of research in all fields. Five alginate lyase genes in cluster from Vibrio alginolyticus were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. SDS-PAGE and enzyme activity showed that four of the five genes have the activity to degrade alginate. Optimization of the induction conditions, protein purification and enzyme properties of rAlgV3 with the highest enzyme activity were studied. The results showed that the enzyme activity of recombinant enzyme rAlgV3 increased from 2.34×104 U/L to 1.68×105 U/L, which was 7.3 times higher than before. The optimal reaction temperature was 40 °C, and the enzyme was relatively stable between 4 °C and 20 °C. The enzyme had a higher activity between pH 6.5 and 9.0, with the optimum pH 8.0. It showed a wide range of pH that the alginate lyase can exist stably between pH 4.5 and 9.5. Appropriate concentrations of NaCl and Fe2+, Fe3+ ions promoted enzyme activity. SDS and Cu2+ ions inhibited the enzyme activity. The enzyme degraded Poly-M fragments and Poly-G fragments, with a wide range of substrate properties. The degraded product of sodium alginate of rAlgV3 analyzed by ESI-MS mainly was oligosaccharides with a polymerization degree of 2 to 3, which means that rAlgV3 was an endo-type alginate lyase. This enzyme has the potential in the development of third-generation bioethanol and the production of alginate oligosaccharides.
高洁,李益民,杜聪,裴绪泽,卢慧敏,赵孝阳,袁文杰.褐藻胶裂解酶基因的克隆表达与酶学性质[J].生物工程学报,2018,34(7):1178~1188
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