废糟液全循环对自絮凝酵母糖酵解途径关键酶、胁迫相关代谢物及胞内组分的影响
Impact of distillage recycling on the glycolysis key enzymes, stress response metabolites and intracelluler components of the self-flocculating yeast
投稿时间:2010-05-17  
DOI:  
中文关键词:乙醇发酵,自絮凝酵母,废糟液循环,高沸点副产物
英文关键词:ethanol fermentation, self-flocculating yeast, recycling of distillage, high boiling byproducts
基金项目:国家高技术研究发展计划 (863计划) (No. 2007AA10Z358) 资助。
作者单位E-mail
孜力汗 大连理工大学生命科学与技术学院大连 116023 lihanzi@dlut.edu.cn 
张春明 大连理工大学生命科学与技术学院大连 116023  
任剑刚 大连理工大学生命科学与技术学院大连 116023  
袁文杰 大连理工大学生命科学与技术学院大连 116023  
陈丽杰 大连理工大学生命科学与技术学院大连 116023  
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中文摘要:
      旨在研究废糟液直接全循环对絮凝酵母乙醇发酵、糖酵解关键酶以及细胞组成的影响。在一有效容积1.5 L的搅拌式生物反应器中,使用葡萄糖为220 g/L,添加8 g/L酵母粉和6 g/L蛋白胨的培养基,以0.04 h?1的稀释率进行自絮凝颗粒酵母乙醇连续发酵。每隔3天将收集到的发酵液集中精馏处理,得到的废糟液用于配制发酵培养基。装置运行近20 d,实验结果表明,随着废液循环批次的增加,系统乙醇和生物量浓度明显降低,糖酵解途径3个关键限速酶:己糖激酶、6-磷酸果糖激酶和丙酮酸激酶不同程度受到抑制。为了应对废糟液中高沸点副产物积累导致的环境胁迫,维持细胞正常代谢,甘油和菌体胞内蛋白生物合成加强,碳水化合物积累减弱。这些研究结果对进一步研究高沸点副产物积累对酵母细胞乙醇发酵影响的机理和菌种的代谢工程改造,具有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      This research aimed to study the effect of distillage recycling on ethanol fermentation, the key glycolytic enzymes and cell composition of the self-flocculating yeast. With the self-flocculating yeast SPSC01 and medium composed of 220 g/L glucose, 8 g/L yeast extract and 6 g/L peptone, continuous ethanol fermentation was carried out at the dilution rate of 0.04 h?1 with a 1.5 L tank bioreactor. Fermentation broth was collected every 3 days, and ethanol and other volatile byproducts were removed by distillation, but the stillage with high boiling byproducts was recycled to prepare the medium instead of fresh water. The system was run for 20 days, during which ethanol and biomass concentrations in the effluent decreased continuously, indicating the significant inhibition of the high boiling byproducts accumulated within the system. Thus, the activities of the key enzymes of the glycolytic pathway: hexokinase, 6-phosphofructose kinase, and pyruvate kinase were analyzed, and it was observed that all of them were inhibited. Furthermore, the biosynthesis of the stress response metabolites glycerol and trehalose was investigated, and it was found that glycerol production that can protect yeast cells against osmotic pressure stress was enhanced, but trehalose biosynthesis that can protect yeast cells against ethanol inhibition was not improved, correspondingly. And in the meantime, the biosynthesis of the major intracellular components proteins and hydrocarbons was adjusted, correspondingly.
孜力汗,张春明,任剑刚,袁文杰,陈丽杰.废糟液全循环对自絮凝酵母糖酵解途径关键酶、胁迫相关代谢物及胞内组分的影响[J].生物工程学报,2010,26(7):1019~1024
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