为进行阿特拉津(AT)污染的生物修复,从AT降解混合菌群中,经长期的交替液体摇瓶培养和平板划线分离,筛选到一株能完全降解AT的菌株SA1。经生理生化特征及16S rDNA序列分析,将该菌鉴定为假单胞菌属(Pseudomonas sp.)。与已报道的AT降解菌Pseudomonas sp.ADP不同,SA1能以AT为唯一碳源、氮源和能源生长,培养基中添加铵盐不抑制SA1的降解功能,而添加葡萄糖时,累积的氰尿酸会被快速降解。SA1生长的最适温度为37℃,最适pH值为7.0。SA1的静息细胞在10℃~40℃或pH值4~11时均能高效降解AT,比ADP降解具有更广的pH和温度范围,表明SA1降解菌株具有广阔的应用前景。SA1中AT降解基因为保守的atzABCD,并含有IS1071的tnpA基因片段,传代过程中降解基因会以一定频率丢失。
Atrazine(AT), a kind of herbicide for the pre and post-emergence control of annual and broad leaved weeds and perennial grasses, had been widely used in the world. However, the extensive use of atrazine had led to widespread environmental pollution. A bacterium strain SA1, which could degrade AT completely, was isolated from an atrazine-degrading consortium by long-time repeated alternative cultivation and plate striking. Combining cultural and physiobiochemical characteristics with 16S rDNA sequence analysis, SA1 was identified as Pseudomonas sp.. SA1 could use atrazine as the sole carbon, nitrogen and energy sources for growth, and the main product of AT biodegradation was cyanuric acid. AT degrading activity of SA1 was not affected by the addition of nitrogen resources. However, cyanuric acid could be degraded quickly to an undetectable level when glucose was added. The optimal temperature and pH value for SA1 growth was 37℃ and pH7, respectively. Atrazine could be degraded efficiently by the resting cells of SA1 under the conditions of 10℃～40℃ or pH value 4～11, and SA1 had a wide range of temperature and pH value for AT degradation when compared with ADP. atzABCD and conserved sequence of tnpA gene of IS1071 could be amplified from SA1, and these genes could be lost during subculture.